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Academic Work

In addition to my clinical work, I research and write on issues in the field

My academic work is primarily in philosophy of medicine focusing on the concept "disorder," issues in neurodiversity, and the history of mental health in the United States. I sometimes branch out to write on Nietzsche and psychoanalysis. I have tried to make my publications accessible below, but my GoogleScholar page is often more up-to-date.


Book Chapters

Conrad, J. A. (2024). Digitization and its discontents: The promise and limitations of digital mental health interventionsJournal of Contemporary Psychotherapy. doi: 10.1007/s10879-024-09620-2

Conrad, J. A. (2024). Nietzsche on evolution and progressNietzsche Studien.

Conrad, J. A. (2021). Drive theory, redux: A history and reconsideration of the drives. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 102(3), 492-518. doi: 10.1080/00207578.2020.184389


Conrad, J. A., Jimenez, S., & Manuel, J. I. (2021). Pathways to substance use: A qualitative study of individuals in short-term residential treatment. Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions, 21(4), 363-381. doi: 10.1080/1533256X.2021.1973830


Wakefield, J. C., Baer, J. C., & Conrad, J. A. (2020). Levels of meaning, and the need for psychotherapy integration. Clinical Social Work Journal, 48, 236-256. doi: 10.1007/s10615-020-00769-6


Conrad, J. A. (2020). A black and white history of psychiatry in the United States. Journal of Medical Humanities. doi: 10.1007/s10912-020-09650-6


Wakefield, J. C., & Conrad, J. A. (2020). Harm as a necessary component of the concept of medical disorder: Reply to Muckler and Taylor. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 45(3), 350-370. doi: 10.1093/jmp/jhaa008


Maye, M., Gaston, D., Godina, I., Conrad, J. A., Rees, J., Rivera, R., & Lushin, V. (2020). Playful but mindful: How to best use positive affect in treating toddlers with autism. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 59(3), 336-338. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2019.09.003


Wakefield, J. C., & Conrad, J. A. (2019). Does the harm component of the harmful dysfunction analysis need rethinking? Reply to Powell and Scarffe. Journal of Medical Ethics, 45, 594-596. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2019-105578


Lushin, V., Becker-Haimes, E., Mandell, D. S., Conrad, J. A., Kaploun, V., Bailey, S., Bo, A., & Beidas, R. (2019). What motivates mental health clinicians-in-training to implement evidence-based assessment? A survey of social work trainees. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 46(3), 411-424. doi: 10.1007/s10488-019-00923-4


Conrad, J. A. (2018). On intellectual and developmental disabilities in the United States: A historical perspective. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, 24(1), 85-101. doi: 10.1177/1744629518767001

Wakefield, J. C., & Conrad, J. A. (2024). The Harmful Dysfunction Analysis: An evolutionary approach to emotional disorders. In L. Al-Shawaf & T. K. Shackelford (Eds.) Oxford Handbook of Evolution and the Emotions (pp. 1085-1108). Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Conrad, J. A., & Wakefield, J. C. (2024). Rethinking the neurodiversity debate from the Harmful Dysfunction perspective: The implications of DSM category evolutionary heterogeneity. In L. Al-Shawaf & T. K. Shackelford (Eds.) Oxford Handbook of Evolution and the Emotions (pp. 1238-1261). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Wakefield, J. C., & Conrad, J. A. (2022). “A little Oedipus”: Freud’s analysis of the Hans case. In Freud’s Argument for the Oedipus Complex: A Philosophy of Science Analysis of the Case of Little Hans. New York: Routledge.


Wakefield, J. C., & Conrad, J. A. (2021). The harmful dysfunction analysis of mental disorder and its implications for the social sciences. In C. Neesham (Eds.), Handbook of Philosophy of Management (p. 1-24). New York: Springer. 


Wakefield, J. C., Wasserman, D., & Conrad, J. A. (2020). Neurodiversity, autism, and psychiatric disability: The harmful dysfunction perspective. In A. Cureton & D. Wasserman (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Disability (pp. 501-521). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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